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terça-feira, 1 de agosto de 2017

Língua Inglesa III

Língua Estrangeira (Inglês III)
Língua Estrangeira (Inglês III)

01
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 2ª Aplicação).

Disponível em: www.time.com. Acesso em: 30 jul. 2012 (adaptado).

A proposta da capa da revista, associando aspectos verbais e visuais, transmite a seguinte mensagem:

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02
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 2ª Aplicação).

If You’re Out There

  If you hear this message

  Wherever you stand

  I’m calling every woman

  Calling every man

  

  We’re the generation

   We can’t afford to wait

  The future started yesterday

  And we’re already late

  

  We’ve been looking for a song to sing

  Searched for a melody

  Searched for someone to lead

  We’ve been looking for the world to change

  If you feel the same, we’ll go on and say

  If you’re out there

  

  Sing along with me if you’re out there

  I’m dying to believe that you’re out there

  Stand up and say it loud if you’re out there

  Tomorrow’s starting now...now...now […]

  

  We can destroy Hunger

  We can conquer Hate

  Put down the arms and raise your voice

  We’re joining hands today […]

LEGEND, J. Evolver. Los Angeles: Sony Music, 2008 (fragmento).

O trecho da letra de If You’re Out There revela que essa canção, lançada em 2008, é um(a)

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03
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 2ª Aplicação).

Synopsis

   Filmed over nearly three years, WASTE LAND follows renowned artist Vik Muniz as he journeys from his home base in Brooklyn to his native Brazil and the world’s largest garbage dump, Jardim Gramacho, located on the outskirts of Rio de Janeiro. There he photographs an eclectic band of “catadores” — self-designated pickers of recyclable materials. Muniz’s initial objective was to “paint” the catadores with garbage. However, his collaboration with these inspiring characters as they recreate photographic images of themselves out of garbage reveals both the dignity and despair of the catadores as they begin to re-imagine their lives. Director Lucy Walker (DEVIL’S PLAYGROUND, BLINDSIGHT and COUNTDOWN TO ZERO) and co-directors João Jardim and Karen Harley have great access to the entire process and, in the end, offer stirring evidence of the transformative power of art and the alchemy of the human spirit.

Disponível em: www.wastelandmovie.com. Acesso em: 2 dez. 2012.

Vik Muniz é um artista plástico brasileiro radicado em Nova York. O documentário Waste Land, produzido por ele em 2010, recebeu vários prêmios e

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04
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 2ª Aplicação).

The Four Oxen and the Lion

   A lion used to prowl about a field in which Four Oxen used to live. Many a time he tried to attack them; but whenever he came near, they turned their tails to one another, so that whichever way he approached them he was met by the horns of one of them. At last, however, they quarreled among themselves, and each went off to pasture alone in a separate corner of the field. Then the Lion attacked them one by one and soon made an end of all four.

Disponível em: www.aesopfables.com. Acesso em: 1 dez. 2011.

A fábula The Four Oxen and the Lion ilustra um preceito moral, como se espera em textos desse gênero. Essa moral, podendo ser compreendida como o tema do texto, está expressa em:

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05
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 2ª Aplicação).

As Furniture Burns Quicker, Firefighters Reconsider Tactics

  House fires have changed. The New York Fire Departament is rethinking its tactics for residential fires, while trying to hold onto its culture of “aggressive interior firefighting" — charging inside burning buildings as fast as possible.

  Plastic fillings in sofas and mattresses burn much faster than older fillings like cotton, helping to transform the behavior of house fires in the last few decades, firefighters and engineers say. With more plastic in homes, residential fires are now likely to use up all the oxygen in a room before they consume all flammable materiais.

  “Years ago you could break a window and it took the fire several minutes to develop — or tens of minutes”, a fire battalion chief in Queens, George K. Healy, said. “Now we’re learning when you vent that window or the door, the fire is developing in, say, a minute."

LIBRADO, R. Disponível em: www.nytimes.com. Acesso em: 15 jun. 2013 (adaptado).

O texto aborda o tema dos incêndios residenciais, que se propagam com mais rapidez atualmente por causa

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06
(ENEM 2014 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

The war song

  War war is stupid

  And people are stupid

  And love means nothing

  In some strange quarters

  War war is stupid

  And people are stupid

  And I heard them banging

  On hearts and fingers

  People fill the world

  With narrow confidence

  Like a child at birth

  A man with no defense

  What's mine is my own

  I won't give it to you

  No matter what you say

  No matter what you do

  Now we're fighting

  In our hearts Fighting in the street

  Won't somebody help me?

Disponível em: http://letras.mus.br. Acesso em: 29 jun. 2012

A música é uma forma de expressão artística e cultural e pode revelar diferentes formas de compreender o mundo. Na letra da canção do grupo Culture Club, entende-se que a guerra é o resultado da

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07
(ENEM 2014 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

Slow Food

  Slow Food describes a movement created "to counteract fast food and fast life, the disappearance of local food traditions and people's dwindling interest in the food they eat, where it comes from, how it tastes and how our food choices affect the rest of the world," according to the movement's website. More broadly, it involves an emphasis on local and seasonal produce and an adherence to regional cultures. Its goals also include lobbying against the use of pesticides and genetic engineering of food.

Disponível em: www.ecomii.com. Acesso em: 30 set. 2011

O objetivo do movimento Slow food é

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08
(ENEM 2014 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

Japan — Earthquake, Tsunami and Nuclear Crisis (2011)

  In many ways, Japan is still reeling from the devastating earthquake and tsunami of March 2011 and the nuclear crisis and huge leaks of radiation it set off. The earthquake and tsunami led to soul searching in a nation already worn down by two lost decades of economic growth, a rapidly aging and now shrinking population, political paralysis and the rapid rise of its longtime rival, China.

  The government will now focus on removing the fuel stored at the site, opening up the ravaged reactors themselves and eventually dismantling the plant, a process that is expected to take at least four decades, Mr. Noda said.

  But for many of the people of Fukushima, the crisis is far from over. More than 160,000 people remain displaced, and even as the government lifts evacuation orders for some communities, many are refusing to return home.

Disponível em: http://topics.nytimes.com. Acesso em: 24 fev. 2012 (adaptado).

O excerto do artigo publicado no site do jornal The New York Times, acerca da situação em que o Japão se encontrava em 2011, expõe o tema:

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09
(ENEM 2014 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

A tira, definida como um segmento de história em quadrinhos, pode transmitir uma mensagem com efeito de humor. Na tira, a presença desse efeito no diálogo entre Lucy e seu irmão Linus acontece porque

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10
(ENEM 2014 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

Land of all peoples

  Paraná has approximately 10 million inhabitants. R is the 6th most populous state, with 5.6% of the total Brazilian population and 38% of the population of the southern region. Its demographic density is 47.98 inhabitants per km².

  A melting pot of several ethnic groups, Paraná is known as the "'and of all peoples". The state has welcomed immigrants from the most diverse parts of the world: Poles, Italians, Ukrainians, Japanese, Germans, Spaniards, Dutchmen, Frenchmen, Syrians, Lebanese, Englishmen and Israelis.

  They have contributed to the state's social and cultural structure, substantially influencing its everyday language, its oral and written literature, its religious celebrations, its cooking habits and many other social activities. To this day, that rich ethnic variety is carefully preserved and even developed further, giving Paraná a rather unique human typology.

SECRETARIA DE ESTADO DA INDÚSTRIA, DO COMÉRCIO E ASSUNTOS DO MERCOSUL. Paraná, a state of opportunity.

No trecho extraído de um catálogo informativo sobre o Estado do Paraná, percebe-se que seus autores têm a intenção de

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11
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

BASSET, B. Disponível em: www.gocomics.com. Acesso em: 4 fev. 2013.

No diálogo entre mãe e filho, o uso do verbo fake pelo garoto indica que ele

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12
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

Turn Off Your TV!

AUGUST 17, 2011

By Alice Park

    Sitting in front of the television may be relaxing, but spending too much time in front of the tube may take years off your life.

    That’s what Australian researchers found when they collected TV viewing information from more than 11,000 people older than 25. The study found that people who watched an average six hours of TV a day lived an average 4.8 years less than those who didn’t watch any television. Also, every hour of TV that participants watched after age 25 was associated with a 22-minute reduction in their life expectancy.

PARK, A. Disponível em: www.timeforkids.com. Acesso em: 5 dez. 2012.

A televisão faz parte da vida diária de boa parte das pessoas em todo o mundo. O texto, cujo título traz um conselho ao leitor, centra-se em

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13
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

Develop Good Study Habits Early On

    Here are some simple tips to help you improve your study habits:

    Have a routine for where and when you study.

   Decide in advance what you’ll study, choosing reasonable and specific goals that you can accomplish.

   Do things that are harder or require more intense thought earlier in the day.

   Take breaks so that you stay fresh and don’t waste time by looking at material but not absorbing it.

   Make use of “dead” time right before and after class and during breaks between other activities.

Disponível em: www.education.com. Acesso em: 27 jun. 2012.

Desenvolver as próprias estratégias de estudo pode ajudar estudantes a obter melhores resultados. Com o propósito de auxiliá-los nessa tarefa, o texto lista dicas de hábitos de estudo que compreendem

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14
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

Disponível em: www.fickr.com. Acesso em: 19 nov. 2012.

Com base na observação dos aspectos verbo-visuais que constituem este anúncio, entende-se que ele busca

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15
(ENEM 2017 - Língua Inglesa - 3ª Aplicação).

Esse infográfico mostra fatos interessantes sobre o café. Com base em seus elementos verbais, em especial dos valores numéricos, e não verbais, o leitor aprende que

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